Bir İnsan Hakları Perspektifi ile Gönülsüz Evliliklere Bakış: Analitik Bir Çerçeveye Doğru
Involuntary Marriages From a Human Rights Perspective: Towards an Analytical Framework

Osman Aytar [1]

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Bu makalenin amacı, Birleşmiş Milletler'in insan hakları sözleşmeleri ve Avrupa İnsan Hakları Sözleşmesi'ni esas alan bir insan hakları perspektifinden hareketle gönülsüz evlilikleri anlamak için analitik bir çerçeve geliştirmektir. Tanıtılan analitik çerçevenin temeli olarak kullanılan ampirik materyal, İsveç'te 16 Kürt ile yapılan tematik açık uçlu söyleşileri kapsamaktadır. Araştırmaya katılan 16 kişiden sekizi, evlendiğinde 18 yaşın altındaydı. Söyleşi sonuçları, görüşülenlerin evliliklerinin çoğunluğunun düzenlenmiş evlilikler olduklarını göstermektedir. Sonuçlar ayrıca, bu evliliklerin arkasındaki nedenlerin ve bunların sonuçlarının çok yönlü ve cinsiyet rolleri ifadelerinin ötesinde olduklarını ortaya koymaktadır. Genellikle annelerden daha fazla etkiye sahip olan babalara ek olarak, annelerin kızları çocukları ve üvey annelerin üvey kız çocukları üzerindeki gücü gibi kadınlar arasında da güç ve nüfuz konusunda farklılıklar vardır. Bu nedenle gönülsüz evliklerle ilgili yeni ve daha geniş perspektiflere ihtiyaç var ve bu makalede geliştirilen analitik çerçeve de böylesi bir amacın bir parçasıdır. 

The aim of this article is to develop an analytical framework for understanding involuntary marriages from a human rights perspective based on the United Nations’ human rights conventions and the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The empirical material used as a basis for an analytical framework consists of 16 thematic open-ended interviews with Kurds in Sweden. A total of eight of the 16 respondents were below 18 years of age when they married. The results from these interviews show that the majority of interviewees’ marriages are arranged. The results also show that the reasons behind these marriages and the consequences of them are complex and go beyond being mere expressions of gender roles. In addition to the fathers who typically have greater influence than the mothers do, there are differences in power and influence among women as well, such as mothers’ power over daughters and step-mothers’ power over step-daughters. Therefore, there is a need for new and wider perspectives on involuntary marriages, and the analytical framework developed in this article is a part of such a purpose.

 

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Antropoloji
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-9496-4342
Yazar: Osman Aytar (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare
Ülke: Sweden


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { jms368531, journal = {The Journal of Mesopotamian Studies (JMS)}, issn = {2147-6659}, eissn = {2147-6659}, address = {Mardin Artuklu Üniversitesi}, year = {}, volume = {3}, pages = {95 - 120}, doi = {}, title = {Involuntary Marriages From a Human Rights Perspective: Towards an Analytical Framework}, key = {cite}, author = {Aytar, Osman} }
APA Aytar, O . (). Involuntary Marriages From a Human Rights Perspective: Towards an Analytical Framework. The Journal of Mesopotamian Studies (JMS), 3 (1), 95-120. Retrieved from http://jms.artuklu.edu.tr/issue/31490/368531
MLA Aytar, O . "Involuntary Marriages From a Human Rights Perspective: Towards an Analytical Framework". The Journal of Mesopotamian Studies (JMS) 3 (): 95-120 <http://jms.artuklu.edu.tr/issue/31490/368531>
Chicago Aytar, O . "Involuntary Marriages From a Human Rights Perspective: Towards an Analytical Framework". The Journal of Mesopotamian Studies (JMS) 3 (): 95-120
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