Year 2016, Volume 1 , Issue 1, Pages 143 - 147 2016-08-01

Ketuba’nın Menşe’i: Yahudilikte Evlilik Kurumu Üzerine Bir Araştırma (The Origin of Ketubah: A Study in the Institution of Marriage)

The Origin of Ketubah: A Study in the Institution of Marriage

Mehmet Sait TOPRAK [1]


We find recorded in the tannaitic literature two documents in relation to marriage, Shetar Kiddushin שטר קדושין and Ketubah כתובה. Neither of these documents is mentioned in the Bible. A Mishna in the tractate Kid. states that a woman may be acquiredin one of three ways, either by Kesef, or by Shetar, or by Bi’ah. Some scholars are of the opinion that theKetubah is identical with Shetar Kiddushin mentioned in the Mishna, and therefore they believe that the Ketubah is the oldest form of a marriage contract. This point of view is not borne out by tannaitic literature, and I believe that the contrary is the case. The Ketubah and the Shetar שטר are not one and the same thing. The Shetar is a much older document than the Ketubah. The Mishna employs merely the term Shetar. If the Shetar and the Ketubah were iden- tical, why then did not the Mishna use the term Ketubah orShetar Ketubah? In the entire tannaitic literature we do not find Shetar referring to Ketubah

Ketuba, Marriage, YAHUDİLİKTE EVLİLİK, כסף, שטר, ביאה, Şetar, Bi’ah, Yahudilikte Evlilik
Subjects Anthropology, Linguistics, Literature
Journal Section Translation
Authors

Orcid: Mehmet Sait TOPRAK
Author: Mehmet Sait TOPRAK
Institution: MARDİN ARTUKLU ÜNİVERSİTESİ, EDEBİYAT FAKÜLTESİ, SÜRYANİ DİLİ VE EDEBİYATI BÖLÜMÜ

Dates

Publication Date : August 1, 2016

APA Toprak, M . (2016). Ketuba’nın Menşe’i: Yahudilikte Evlilik Kurumu Üzerine Bir Araştırma (The Origin of Ketubah: A Study in the Institution of Marriage) . The Journal of Mesopotamian Studies , 1 (1) , 143-147 . Retrieved from http://jms.artuklu.edu.tr/en/pub/issue/23716/252612